In 4-6 paragraphs, please respond to the following question. Make sure to upload your answer as a file attachment anytime before 11:59 PM
NOTE- You are only RESPONDING to the Luxemburg piece. Not the other material. Your examples-details should reflect the knowledge-insight you have gained from reading that specific piece. Ideas-examples from the supplemental material are welcomed, but that should not be your focus.
What connections does Luxemburg make between industrialization-capitalism and Total War? Total War and imperialism?
The word imperialism comes from the Latin word imperium, which is defined as absolute power. Imperialism simply means that a nation, country, or empire gains and maintains dominance over other nations by controlling their natural resources and exploiting them for raw materials to sell in its own factories and countries. The four main causes of imperialism are money, national pride, racism, and religion. The Europeans wanted colonies to provide raw materials for their factories so they could make more money in trade with the new colonies. This was also a way of showing off their imperialistic power by building up an empire that stretched around the world.
There is a close relationship between capitalism and imperialism according. According to the German philosopher Rosa Luxemburg, she wrote in her book The Accumulation of Capital, that capitalism cannot survive without imperialism. In the first chapter, we narrated the history of capitalism in India and the consequences; how the economy of India, the first major colony of Britain, was destroyed to bring about the capitalist development of Britain. There is a close relationship between imperialism and capitalism in the sense that imperialism expands the profit of the capitalists to help by capturing the market and natural resources.
The Europeans also wanted colonies to provide raw materials for their factories so they could make more money in trade with the new colonies. This was also a way of showing off their imperialistic power by building up an empire that stretched around the world. They had already been feeling superior because of how technologically advanced and culturally diverse Europe was compared to Asia, Africa, or Latin America when it came time to colonize these places too.
Imperialism is a Latin word that means having absolute power over something. In a simple meaning, it means that a certain nation, country, or even an empire has gained and maintained dominance over the other nations by controlling them. Through this, they will control the natural resources that the country is providing and the raw materials they sell in their own countries and factories. There are major causes of imperialism, including the money, the pride that a certain nation wants to have, racism is another cause, and lastly, the religion of the colonizing country. This was brought by the Europeans who wanted the colonies to provide the raw materials for their factories, and through this, they could make more money when they traded with the new colonies.
Imperialism had a great impact on society. It was the major cause of the slave trade in the countries which later led to discrimination in these countries and all over the globe. Through this, they destroyed the cultures causing disunity among the natives of a country. The countries took the natural resources from the natives, and they left them with nothing in return. In her book, the philosopher thinker Rosa Luxemburg, The Accumulation of capital, showed a close relationship between industrial capitalism and imperialism. She argues that capitalism could not survive without imperialism. She first narrated the situation between the colonized countries (Halsall, 1999). She goes ahead and says that there is a struggle against imperialism. It develops the ever more into decisive struggles, and they are in between the capital and labor.
According to Luxemburg, some capitalists sought to realize the profits they made by offloading surplus commodities onto the non-capitalist economies. This is the phenomenon of imperialism, the capital states that sought to dominate the countries with the weaker economies. This led to the destruction of the non-capitalist economies as they had an increased absorption in the capital system. The destruction led to more places where the markets could offload surplus commodities, and capitalism would break down. Luxemburg criticized this accumulation of capital (Halsall, 1999). The conclusions were that the limits of the capitalist system were the cause of imperialism which then led to war in the countries. During her time, she campaigned against militarism and colonization since these were the things that led to war during the total war, the main aim being the accumulation of wealth.
Luxemburg, R. (1916). The war and the workers-The Junius Pamphlet. URL (consulted Nov. 2004): http://www. h-net. msu. edu/~ german/gtext/kaiserreich/lux.
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