Expert Answer:Provide a brief description of what each of the vi

Answer & Explanation:Complete the chart, comparing and contrasting the different sociological perspectives on important social institutions like family, religion, education, and health. Provide a brief description of what each of the views says about the social institution. Then, discuss which view you think applies best for each of the social institutions. Chart is attachedIf sources are used, APA format is needed…


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Social Institutions: Family, Education,
Religion, and Health Care
Course Learning Outcomes for Unit VII
Upon completion of this unit, students should be able to:
2. Express the relationship between one’s beliefs and one’s group memberships.
2.1 Explain functionalist, conflict, and interactionist views on various social structures.
Learning Outcomes
Learning Activity
Unit Lesson
Chapter 7
Chapter 8
Chapter 14, pp. 353-367
Unit VII Assignment
Reading Assignment
Chapter 7: Families
Chapter 8: Education and Religion
Chapter 14: Population, Health, and Environment, pp. 353-367
Unit Lesson
In Units V and VI, we have looked at the inequality that occurs in society. Part of our lessons and
discussions in the past have also focused on how social structures influence a person’s opportunity, and
how social structures and socialization shape beliefs. In this unit, we are going to look at specific social
institutions in society. Social institutions are at the core of how we view society and interact in society.
What is a social institution? A social institution is a group or structure that society uses as an organized
entity to meet basic needs. The creation and maintenance of social structures occur in every society
because without them there would be chaos and a breakdown in society. Some of the major institutions in
society include family, education, economy, media, medicine (health care), politics, military, law, and
science. Our readings for this unit cover family, religion, education, and health care. We are going to
specifically focus on the social institutions of family, religion, and health care in this lesson.
One of the most important social institutions is family. Family can be defined various ways in society. The
concept of family is socially constructed. You can create family through blood relations, friends, marriage,
adoption, etc. Family as a social institution addresses basic needs such as socialization, youth protection,
companionship, care for older family members, and regulation of population in a society. When looking at
the structure of the family, we look at kinship patterns, types of families, and types of marriages. Kinship
groups are simply groups of people that are related. This would include aunts, uncles, cousins, etc. You do
not have to be blood related to be part of a kinship group. You can be adopted or related through marriage.
Two types of families are the extended family and the nuclear family. The extended family contains
members of the kinship group. The nuclear family is often defined as a married couple and their children.
However, the definition of nuclear family can also be expanded. A nuclear family could contain a
cohabitating couple and youth, a couple without children, or maybe grandparents raising a grandchild in
SOC 1010, Introduction to Sociology
their home. The nuclear family is simply a group of people living under one roof
as a unit
to meet
those basic needs described earlier.
When discussing family, the topic of marriage is very central. Marriage plays an important part in the
creation and maintenance of family. There have been shifting views of family and marriage over time. In
addition, the views and traditions regarding marriage and family vary from culture to culture. Our textbook
discusses some current trends in marriage in the United States. One very interesting point is that even
though the United States has a high rate of divorce, marriage is still highly sought after by many Americans.
Marriage can be viewed as a status symbol. It can also be viewed as an important part of religious faith or
cultural values. Chapter 7 provided statistics on divorce in the United States. Witt (2018) discusses how first
marriages that end typically lasted about eight years. Of course, there are many marriages that last a lot
longer than eight years. The divorce statistics are affected by divorces occurring after second or third
marriages. Witt (2018) noted that roughly 20 percent of adults have been divorced.
Religion is an important social institution in society because it is weaved so heavily into the cultural values
and norms in a society. Religion as a social institution offers people a place to share with others a belief
system that addresses the afterlife and provides values to create a foundation for life on earth. Sociologists
look at the function religion plays in society and the components that make up the social institution of religion.
In the Chapter 8 reading, Witt (2018) lists the components of religion as beliefs, rituals, experience, and
community. So regardless of the type of religion, the members are following a belief system, engaging in
rituals to honor that faith, actively seeking experiences to deepen their connection to that faith, and seeking
community with others to share the faith.
Health Care
Health care is an important social issue in all societies. Health care can be viewed as a social institution
falling under the larger social institution of government. It is a humanitarian issue and greatly affects the
productivity and quality of life for people. Health care is a hot topic in the United States right now. There is a
debate over how big of a role the U.S. government should play in health care and a debate about exactly
what role the government should play in health care. Other debates surrounding the U.S. medical care
system is the lack of competition, unwillingness for providers to cover certain procedures and conditions,
and skyrocketing prescription drug prices. It is a good idea for us all to become as educated as possible on
the topic of health care and review the different sides because it is such a complex issue. The CSU Online
Library has a great research database called Opposing Viewpoints in Context. It is recommended to visit
this database and search the topic of health care. You will be able to find articles, audio recordings, and
videos with different viewpoints on the subject of health care in the United States and around the world.
What is your view on our healthcare system in the United States today?
At the end of Chapter 14 in the textbook on page 375, the sociological perspectives on health are provided
in the diagram called SocViews on Population, Health, and Environment. The diagram discusses how the
views by functionalist, the interactionist, and the conflict can be applied to health care. The functionalist
view describes health care as a social institution that helps create order and stability in society. The
functionalist view sees the healthcare system as a working part of the bigger system (society). It keeps the
society healthy that is important for not only creating social order, but also for creating a productive society.
The interactionist view takes a more micro approach. It also takes a much more personal approach. In the
interactionist view, the interaction between individuals and groups has an important impact on the type of
system and how well it functions. It is about personal relationships. For example, one very important
relationship would be the doctor-patient relationship. Another important factor in discussing the
interactionist view is the understanding that the individual has an active role in their own medical care and
health choices. The conflict view focuses on the inequality that can occur in health care. The conflict view
argues that an inequality in power and resources lead to unequal access to quality and affordable health
care. For example, a company can choose whether or not to offer employees health care in certain cases.
A company can pick the particular healthcare provider and restrict it, and the worker has no say in the
matter. Companies with excellent healthcare benefits can use it as a powerful tool to attract employees.
The hospitals, practitioners, and insurance companies also can use their power and status in determining
what type of health care an individual receives. To summarize, the conflict view is all about the healthcare
system being controlled by those with power, status, and money while those with less power and status
SOC 1010, Introduction to Sociology
receive no health care, less health care, or lower quality health care (Witt, 2018).
perspective do you think best explains our healthcare system?
We learn that our access to health care is influenced by where we live, our beliefs, group membership, and
our statuses (e.g., gender, race, job, age). For example, you may be part of a faith that does not believe in
abortion or certain types of contraception and therefore oppose it being paid for by government money. You
may have the exact opposite belief and see the need for these types of services. Your faith or personal
values has an impact on what role you think the government should play in health care.
Witt, J. (2018). SOC 2018 (5th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education.
Learning Activities (Nongraded)
Nongraded Learning Activities are provided to aid students in their course of study. You do not have to submit
them. If you have questions, contact your instructor for further guidance and information.
1. SocThink
Your textbook provides several opportunities for you to explore relevant topics, from personal selfexploration to challenging questions concerning topics being studied in this unit. Taking the time to read and
respond to these opportunities will help you learn and apply the information being studied. These
opportunities can be found on the following pages:

Chapter 7:
o p. 154
o p. 155
o p. 160
o p. 163
o p. 166

Chapter 8:
o p. 179
o p. 183
o p. 186
o p. 190
o p. 192
o p. 202

Chapter 14:
o p. 355
2. Check Your Learning
Quizzes are a way to self-test and see if you understand what you are studying. The textbook provides a brief
Pop Quiz for each chapter. Take advantage of this learning tool to enrich your learning experience! The
answers are provided, so you can check and see how well you did. For this unit, the quizzes are available on
the following pages:

Chapter 7: Pop Quiz, p. 175
Chapter 8: Pop Quiz, p. 206
SOC 1010, Introduction to Sociology
Unit VII Social Structures Worksheet
Complete the chart, comparing and contrasting the different sociological perspectives on important
social institutions like family, religion, education, and health. Provide a brief description of what each of
the views says about the social institution. Then, discuss which view you think applies best for each of
the social institutions.
or structures
view of this
Conflict view of
this structure
Interactionist view of
this structure
Discuss the view
you think best
applies to the

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