Expert Answer:ENC1101 Questions

Answer & Explanation:Read the article on page 862 Sophie Downes: Trigger Warnings, Safe Spaces, and Free Speech, TooAnswer the following questions:Comprehension1. Downes argues that the Ellison letter “came across as an embarrassing attempt to deflect attention from serious issues on campus” (2). What does she mean? How does this claim set up her main argument? 2. Why does Downes mention that Dean Ellison is listed as a “safe space ally” (8) on a school website? 3. In what sense could the Ellison letter be seen as “a public relations maneuver” (12)? Why does Downes consider this a bad thing? 4. Why does Downes argue that denouncing “attempts by students to disrupt university-sponsored events … has little to do with trigger warnings and safe spaces” (13)? Do you agree? 5. How does Downes think students on campus will respond to the Ellison letter?Purpose and Audience2. What is Downes’s purpose in writing this article? What does she want to accomplish?Style and Structure2. Downes offers a personal anecdote from her seminar on gender, sexuality, and disability. How does this example support her argument? What other information from the seminar could she have included?4. How would Downes’s essay be different if she structured it as a Rogerian argument? What changes would she have to make? Do you think that this strategy would be more or less effective than the one she uses?
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These helpful checklists will guide you through the process
of writing an essay.
Questions about Your Purpose
14
Questions for Critical Reading
22
Reading Visual Texts
25
Setting Limits
30
Questions for Probing
32
Stating Your Thesis
45
Recognizing a Pattern
50
What Not to Do in an Introduction
53
Effective Support
56
What Not to Do in a Conclusion
60
Constructing a Formal Outline
61
Drafting
63
Revising
66
Guidelines for Peer Editing
69
Editing for Grammar
83
Editing for Punctuation
86
Editing for Sentence Style and Word Choice
89
Proofreading
90
Checking Your Paper’s Format
91
A note about the cover
Artists use patterns to give shape to their art and to guide the eye through the
elements of a visual work. In the same way, patterns in composition help to
shape a writer’s work and to create pathways for understanding it.
FOURTEENTH EDITION
Patterns for College Writing
A Rhetorical Reader and Guide
Laurie G. Kirszner
University of the Sciences, Emeritus
Stephen R. Mandell
Drexel University
For Peter Phelps, 1936–1990, with thanks
For Bedford/St. Martin’s
Vice President, Editorial, Macmillan Learning Humanities: Edwin Hill
Director of Content Development: Jane Knetzger
Development Manager: Maura Shea
Senior Program Director: Leasa Burton
Program Manager for Readers and Literature: John E. Sullivan III
Developmental Editor: Sherry Mooney
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Media Producer: Rand Thomas
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Associate Editor: Jennifer Prince
Copy Editor: Kathleen Lafferty
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Photo Researcher: Sheri Blaney
Permissions Editor: Kalina Ingham
Senior Art Director: Anna Palchik
Text Design: Richard Korab
Cover Design: John Callahan
Cover Art: Autumn Interior, Wheatley, Jenny; Private Collection/Bridgeman Images
Opener Banner Photo: JonnyDrake/Shutterstock
Composition: Lumina Datamatics, Inc.
Copyright © 2018, 2015, 2012, 2010 by Bedford/St. Martin’s.
All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted
in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, except as
may be expressly permitted by the applicable copyright statutes or in writing by the Publisher.
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For information, write: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 75 Arlington Street, Boston, MA 02116
ISBN-13 978-1-319-12081-8 (EPUB)
Acknowledgments
Text acknowledgments and copyrights appear at the back of the book on pages 786–90, which constitute
an extension of the copyright page. Art acknowledgments and copyrights appear on the same page as
the art selections they cover.
Preface
Since it was first published, Patterns for College Writing has been used by
millions of students at colleges and universities across the United States. We
have been delighted by the overwhelmingly positive response to the first
thirteen editions of Patterns, and we continue to be gratified by positive
feedback from the many instructors who find Patterns to be the most
accessible and the most pedagogically sound rhetoric-reader they have ever
used. In preparing this fourteenth edition, we have worked hard to fine-tune
the features that have made Patterns the most popular composition reader
available today and to develop new features to enhance the book’s usefulness
for both instructors and students.
What Instructors and Students Like about Patterns
for College Writing
An Emphasis on Critical Reading
The Introduction, “How to Use This Book,” and Chapter 1, “Reading to
Write: Becoming a Critical Reader,” prepare students to become analytical
readers and writers by showing them how to apply critical reading strategies
to a typical selection and by providing sample responses to the various kinds
of writing prompts in the book. Not only does this material introduce students
to the book’s features, but it also prepares them to tackle reading and writing
assignments in their other courses.
Extensive Coverage of the Writing Process
The remaining chapters in Part One, “The Writing Process” (Chapters 2
through 5), comprise a “mini-rhetoric,” offering advice on drafting, writing,
revising, and editing as they introduce students to activities such as
freewriting, brainstorming, clustering, and journal writing. These chapters
also include numerous writing exercises to give students opportunities for
immediate practice.
Detailed Coverage of the Patterns of Development
In Part Two, “Readings for Writers,” Chapters 6 through 14 explain and
illustrate the patterns of development that students typically use in their
college writing assignments: narration, description, exemplification, process,
cause and effect, comparison and contrast, classification and division,
definition, and argumentation. Each chapter begins with a comprehensive
introduction that presents a definition and a paragraph-length example of the
pattern to be discussed and then explains the particular writing strategies and
applications associated with it. Next, each chapter analyzes one or two
annotated student essays to show how the pattern can be used in particular
college writing situations. Chapter 15, “Combining the Patterns,” illustrates
how the various patterns of development discussed in Chapters 6 through 14
can work together in an essay.
A Diverse and Popular Selection of Readings
Varied in subject, style, and cultural perspective, the sixty-eight
professional selections engage students while providing them with
outstanding models for writing. We have tried to achieve a balance between
classic authors (George Orwell, Jessica Mitford, E. B. White, Martin Luther
King Jr.) and newer voices (Bich Minh Nguyen, Zeynep Tufekci, Marina
Keegan) so that instructors have a broad range of readings to choose from.
More Student Essays than Any Comparable Text
To provide students with realistic models for improving their own writing,
we include eighteen sample student essays.
Helpful Coverage of Grammar Issues
Grammar-in-Context boxes in chapter introductions offer specific advice
on how to identify and correct the grammar, mechanics, and punctuation
problems that students are likely to encounter when they work with particular
patterns of development.
Apparatus Designed to Help Students Learn
Each professional essay in the text is followed by three types of questions.
These questions are designed to help students assess their understanding of
the essay’s content and of the writer’s purpose and audience; to recognize the
stylistic and structural techniques used to shape the essay; and to become
sensitive to the nuances of language. Each essay is also accompanied by a
Journal Entry prompt, Writing Workshop topics (suggestions for full-length
writing assignments), and Thematic Connections that identify related readings
in the text. Also following each essay is a Combining the Patterns feature that
focuses on different patterns of development used in the essay and possible
alternatives to these patterns. Each chapter ends with a list of Writing
Assignments and a Collaborative Activity. Many of these assignments and
activities have been updated to reflect the most current topics and trends.
Extensive Cultural and Historical Background for All Readings
In addition to a biographical headnote, each reading is preceded by a
headnote containing essential background information to help students make
connections between the reading and the historical, social, and economic
forces that shaped it.
An Introduction to Visual Texts
Every rhetorical chapter includes a visual text — such as a photograph, a
piece of fine art, or panels from a graphic novel — that provides an accessible
introduction to each rhetorical pattern. Apparatus that helps students discuss
the pattern in its visual form follows each image.
Thorough Coverage of Working with Sources
Part Three, “Working with Sources,” takes students through the process of
writing a research paper and includes a model student paper in MLA style.
(The Appendix addresses APA style and includes a model APA paper.)
What’s New in This Edition
Engaging New Readings
The twenty-five new professional essays treat topics of current interest.
Isabel Wilkerson explores the history of “Emmett Till and Tamir Rice, Sons
of the Great Migration.” Josh Barro explains “Why Stealing Cars Went Out of
Fashion.” Karen Miller Pensiero shows us the “Photos That Change History.”
In all cases, readings have been carefully selected for their high-interest
subject matter as well as for their effectiveness as teachable models for
student writing.
Argumentation Chapter Updated
The argument chapter has been revised to focus on issues of particular
importance to college students. It includes two new debates (“Should Public
Colleges Be Free?” and “Does It Pay to Study the Humanities?”) and one new
casebook (“Do College Students Need Trigger Warnings?”).
With Bedford/St. Martin’s, You Get More
At Bedford/St. Martin’s, providing support to teachers and their students
who use our books and digital tools is our top priority. The Bedford/St.
Martin’s English Community is now our home for professional resources,
including Bedford Bits, our popular blog with new ideas for the composition
classroom. Join us to connect with our authors and your colleagues at
community.macmillan.com, where you can download titles from our
professional resource series, review projects in the pipeline, sign up for
webinars, or start a discussion. In addition to this dynamic online community
and book-specific instructor resources, we offer digital tools, custom
solutions, and value packages to support both you and your students. We are
committed to delivering the quality and value that you’ve come to expect
from Bedford/St. Martin’s, supported as always by the power of Macmillan
Learning. To learn more about or to order any of the following products,
contact your Bedford/St. Martin’s sales representative or visit the website at
macmillanlearning.com.
LaunchPad for Patterns for College Writing: Where Students Learn
LaunchPad provides engaging content and new ways to get the most out
of your book. Get an interactive e-Book combined with assessment tools in a
fully customizable course space; then assign and mix our resources with
yours.
Interactive Peer Review Worksheets allow students to type their
responses into a form that is easy to share with fellow students and their
instructor.
Reading Comprehension Quizzes for every selection in Patterns help
you quickly gauge your students’ understanding of the assigned
reading.
Diagnostics and Exercise Central provide opportunities to assess
areas for improvement and assign additional exercises based on
students’ needs. Eight diagnostic quizzes — pre- and post-tests on
sentence grammar, punctuation and mechanics, reading skills, and
reading strategies — offer visual reports that show performance by
topic, class, and student as well as comparison reports that track
improvement over time. Use these reports to target additional practice
by assigning quizzes from the Exercise Central question bank.
Pre-built units — including readings, videos, quizzes, discussion
groups, and more — are easy to adapt and assign by adding your own
materials and mixing them with our high-quality multimedia content
and ready-made assessment options, such as LearningCurve adaptive
quizzing.
LaunchPad also provides access to a gradebook that offers a clear
window on the performance of your whole class, individual students,
and even results of individual assignments.
Use LaunchPad on its own or integrate it with your school’s learning
management system so that your class is always on the same page.
LaunchPad for Patterns for College Writing can be purchased on its own or
packaged with the print book at a significant discount. An activation code is
required. To order LaunchPad for Patterns for College Writing with the print
book, use ISBN 978-1-319-13642-0. For more information, go to
launchpadworks.com.
Choose from Alternative Formats of Patterns for College Writing
Bedford/St. Martin’s offers a range of affordable formats, allowing
students to choose the one that works best for them.
Paperback To order the paperback edition, use ISBN 978-1-319-056643.
Popular e-Book formats For details of our e-Book partners, visit
macmillanlearning.com/ebooks.
Select Value Packages
Add value to your text by packaging one of the following resources with
Patterns for College Writing. To learn more about package options for any of
the following products, contact your Bedford/St. Martin’s sales representative
or visit macmillanlearning.com.
LaunchPad Solo for Readers and Writers allows students to work on
whatever they need help with the most. At home or in class, students learn at
their own pace, with instruction tailored to each student’s unique needs.
LaunchPad Solo for Readers and Writers features:
Pre-built units that support a learning arc. Each easy-to-assign unit
is composed of a pre-test check, multimedia instruction and assessment,
and a post-test that assesses what students have learned about critical
reading, writing process, using sources, grammar, style, and mechanics.
Dedicated units also offer help for multilingual writers.
Diagnostics that help establish a baseline for instruction. Assign
diagnostics to identify areas of strength and areas for improvement on
topics related to grammar and reading and to help students plan a
course of study. Use visual reports to track performance by topic, class,
and student as well as comparison reports that track improvement over
time.
A video introduction to many topics. Introductions offer an overview
of the unit’s topic, and many include a brief, accessible video to
illustrate the concepts at hand.
Twenty-five reading selections with comprehension quizzes. Assign
a range of classic and contemporary essays, each of which includes a
label indicating Lexile level to help you scaffold instruction in critical
reading.
Adaptive quizzing for targeted learning. Most units include
LearningCurve, game-like adaptive quizzing that focuses on the areas
in which each student needs the most help.
The ability to monitor student progress. Use our gradebook to see
which students are on track and which need additional help with
specific topics.
Additional reading comprehension quizzes. Patterns for College
Writing includes multiple-choice quizzes, which help you quickly
gauge your students’ understanding of the assigned reading. These are
available in LaunchPad Solo for Readers and Writers.
Order ISBN 978-1-319-14527-9 to package LaunchPad Solo for Readers and
Writers with Patterns for College Writing at a significant discount. Students
who rent or buy a used book can purchase access, and instructors may request
free access at macmillanlearning.com/readwrite.
Writer’s Help 2.0 is a powerful online writing resource that helps
students find answers whether they are searching for writing advice on their
own or as part of an assignment.
Smart search. Built on research with more than 1,600 student writers,
the smart search in Writer’s Help provides reliable results even when
students use novice terms, such as flow and unstuck.
Trusted content from our best-selling handbooks. Choose Writer’s
Help 2.0, Hacker Version, or Writer’s Help 2.0, Lunsford Version, and
ensure that students have clear advice and examples for all of their
writing questions.
Diagnostics that help establish a baseline for instruction. Assign
diagnostics to identify areas of strength and areas for improvement on
topics related to grammar and reading and to help students plan a
course of study. Use visual reports to track performance by topic, class,
and student as well as comparison reports that track improvement over
time.
Adaptive exercises that engage students. Writer’s Help 2.0 includes
LearningCurve, game-like online quizzing that adapts to what students
already know and helps them focus on what they need to learn.
Reading comprehension quizzes. Patterns for College Writing
includes multiple-choice quizzes, which help you quickly gauge your
students’ understanding of the assigned reading. These are available in
Writer’s Help 2.0.
Writer’s Help 2.0 can be packaged with Patterns for College Writing at a
significant discount. For more information, contact your sales representative
or visit macmillanlearning.com/writershelp2.
Macmillan Learning Curriculum Solutions
Curriculum Solutions brings together the quality of Bedford/St. Martin’s
content with our expertise in publishing original custom print and digital
products. Developed especially for writing courses, our ForeWords for
English program contains a library of the most popular, requested content in
easy-to-use modules to help you build the best possible text. Whether you are
considering creating a custom version of Patterns for College Writing or
incorporating our content with your own, we can adapt and combine the
resources that work best for your course or program. Some enrollment
minimums apply. Contact your sales representative for more information.
Instructor Resources
You have a lot to do in your course. Bedford/St. Martin’s wants to make it
easy for you to find the support you need — and to get it quickly.
Resources for Instructors Using Patterns for College Writing is available
as a PDF that can be downloaded from macmillanlearning.com. Visit the
instructor resources tab for Patterns for College Writing. In addition to
chapter overviews and teaching tips, the instructor’s manual includes sample
syllabi, suggestions for classroom discussion, and possible responses for
every question in the book.
NEW! A Student’s Companion for Patterns for College Writing
If your students need a little extra support, consider ordering A Student’s
Companion for Patterns for College Writing (ISBN 978-1-319-12674-2). This
text reinforces the most foundational elements in academic writing. While
recognizing and respecting students’ abilities, this supplement breaks down
the steps necessary to excel in college writing, tackling time management;
critical reading skills across print, digital and professional genres; the essaydrafting process; and the essentials of grammar. This companion, meant to
supplement the coverage in Patterns for College Writing, gives students the
additional support they need to get or stay on-level in the composition
classroom. It is an ideal solution for accelerated learning programs or corequisite courses, while the deep integration with Patterns makes it an ideal
resource for any instructor who wants students to build a strong foundation in
academic writing.
Acknowledgments
As always, friends, colleagues, students, and family all helped this project
along. Of particular value were the responses to the questionnaires sent to the
following instructors, who provided frank and helpful advice: Amelia
Magallanes Arguijo, Laredo Community College; Victoria Bryan, Cleveland
State Community College; Thomas Chester, Ivy Tech Community College;
Anne Dearing, Hudson Valley Community College; Jennifer Eble, Cleveland
State Community College; Marcus Embry, University of Northern Colorado;
Ulanda Forbess, North Lake College; Jan Geyer, Hudson Valley Community
College; Priscilla Glanville, State College of Florida; Scott Hathaway,
Hudson Valley Community College; Josh Miller, Cape Fear Community
College; Janet Minc, University of Akron Wayne College; Jennifer Ravey,
Lamar University; Cheryl Saba, Cape Fear Community College; Ana
Schnellmann, Lindenwood University; Dhipinder Walia, Lehman College;
and Coreen Wees, Iowa Western Community College. Additional thanks to
Cedric Burroughs at Marquette University for his valuable suggestions.
Special thanks go to Jeff Ousborne for his help with some of the apparat …
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