World Religion: Encountering Sikhism: The Way of God’s Name

1.    What did the early Sikh community call their faith in a term that means “path”?
a. the Panth
b. Sikhism
c. the Nam
d. “the way of seeking”

2.    Sikhism is unique among world religions in that it has a double-edged sword as its symbol, a sword known as the:
a. kirpan.
b. khanda.
c. katcha.
d. kanga.

3.    Which of the following statements is true of Guru Gobind Singh?
a. He led a change in Sikhism from pacifism to militarism.
b. He introduced governmental leadership and made the Sikhs into a political community.
c. He established the Sikh faith in India to become the first guru of Sikhism.
d. He changed the name of the Sikh faith from Gurmat to the Panth.

4.    Guru Nanak differed from the Sants because Nanak:
a. encouraged devotion to God by a withdrawal from the world.
b. promoted that God’s purposes could be advanced by coercion and violence.
c. downplayed the differences between religions and highlighted their similarities.
d. preached the message of obeying one’s own religion and worshiping its God.

5.    Who is famous in India for founding the city of Amritsar.
a. Ram Das
b. Har Gobind
c. Tegh Bahadur
d. Angad Dev

6.    Which of the following statements is true of Guru Arjan?
a. He established the current Sikh rite of initiation.
b. He established the distinctive dress of the Sikhs.
c. He made Amritsar the religious center of Sikhism with the Harmandir Sahib.
d. He introduced the tradition of hymn singing during praise and worship.

7.    Which Guru began the compilation of the main Sikh scripture called the Adi Granth, or “First Book”?
a. Guru Nanak
b. Guru Arjan
c. Guru Gobind Singh
d. Guru Ram Das

8.    Which of the following was a reform introduced by the sixth guru, Har Gobind?
a. He established the current Sikh rite of initiation.
b. He exercised governmental leadership in addition to spiritual leadership.
c. He formed the Khalsa to enable Sikhs to protect and defend their religion.
d. He introduced the distinctive dress of the Sikhs.

9.    Dalbir Singh is a Sikh man who is able and willing to defend Sikhism. He, therefore, joins a Sikh society that is dedicated to strict observance. As a part of this society, he is required to wear the Five Ks—kesh, kanga, kirpan, kara, and kachha—at all times. According to this scenario, Dalbir Singh is a member of:
a. the Japji
b. Khalistan
c. the Nam
d. the Khalsa

10. Which of the following statements is true of Gobind Singh?
a. He introduced the tradition of hymn singing during worship.
b. He made Sikhs a political community by exercising governmental leadership.
c. He established the current Sikh rite of initiation.
d. He began the compilation of the main Sikh scripture, the Adi Granth.

11.  Why did Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale and his followers capture the Sacred Court complex in Amritsar, India in 1983?
a. to demand the reservation of positions for Sikhs in the Indian army and the police forces
b. to demand that the Indian government set up an independent Sikh homeland
c. to demand equal educational opportunities for Sikh men and women
d. to demand the merger of the three different parts of the state of Punjab

12.  Sikhism is a strongly aniconic religion because:
a. Sikhs believe that there are many Gods.
b. Sikhs believe that God does not have a body.
c. Sikhs believe that God has many physical forms.
d. Sikhs believe that God incarnates in human form.

13.  What is the name for God, meaning “praise to the Guru,” that is used especially in worship by Sikhs?
a. Sant
b. Waheguru
c. Gurumat
d. Gurudev

14.  What is the second important symbol of Sikhism, meaning “One God”?
a. Khanda
b. Kirpan
c. Ek Onkar
d. Vak lao

15.  What is a small comb that is used to keep one’s long hair neat?
a. kara
b. kachha
c. kirpan
d. kanga

16. Monty, a Sikh man, is a member of the Khalsa. Therefore, he is required to wear a small sword at all times on the outside of his body. He says that the sword signifies his defense of Sikhism and of oppressed people. In the context of the Five Ks, this sword worn by Monty is known as:
a. kanga.
b. kirpan.
c. khanda.
d. kara.

17. In the context of the Five Ks, which of the following statements is true of kara, the bracelet?
a. It is a reminder to Sikhs to defend oppressed people.
b. It is a reminder to Sikhs to act for the Sikh faith.
c. It is a reminder of unity with God and the Sikh community.
d. It is a reminder of the duty of purity.

18. Which of the following is a similarity between Sikhism and Hinduism?
a. Both use music as a key way to cultivate and express devotion to God.
b. Both have separate Gods for upper and lower castes.
c. Both believe that caste is important for liberation from sin.
d. Both emphasize the importance of social equality.

19.  The main practice of Sikhism is:
a. remembering the Name.
b. organizing a langar.
c. worshipping images of God.
d. preserving the Khalsa.

20. Sikhism differs from Hinduism in that Sikhism:
a. strongly rejects Hindu caste distinctions.
b. promotes social inequality through its system of restrictive entry into the gurdwara.
c. encourages the belief that caste is relevant for access to God.
d. has high and low gods for upper and lower castes, respectively.

21. Which of the following statements is true of Sikhism?
a. It advocates color distinction to gain access to God and God’s name.
b. It emphasizes the establishment of gurdwaras for separate castes.
c. It denounces caste as irrelevant for access to liberation from sin, ignorance, and transmigration.
d. It promotes gender equality by allowing men and women to sit together inside the gurdwara.

22. Which of the following is a code of conduct to be followed by Sikhs?
a. All Sikhs should work hard and honestly and share their gains with others.
b. Sikh women should be treated inferior to men as they are so in God’s sight.
c. Sikh women should wear a veil, while the Sikh men should have an ear piercing.
d. All persons should practice asceticism and renounce marriage.

23. What is “the Guru’s Door,” the residence of the Guru and the house of Sikh worship?
a. Vak lao
b. Gurmat
c. Waheguru
d. Gurdwara

24. Which of the following statements is true of Sikh worship in the gurdwara?
a. Sikhs worship statues and religious pictures in the gurdwara.
b. Sikhs pray by sitting on wooden benches and reading passages from the Guru Granth.
c. Sikhs bow deeply to the Guru Granth, sometimes touching their head to the floor.
d. Sikhs use candles, incense, and bells to get the attention of God before the worship begins.

25. What is the ceremonial fan used to venerate the Guru Granth in the gurdwara?
a. Khalsa
b. chaur
c. Nam
d. khanda

26. Sikh worship in a gurdwara usually commences with:
a. the reading of a passage from the Bhagavad Gita.
b. the singing of “Anand Sahib,” written by Guru Amar Das.
c. the singing of “Asa Di Var,” written by Guru Nanak.
d. the reading of a passage from the Guru Granth.

27. Devotional singing of hymns from the Guru Granth is called:
a. the langar.
b. parshad.
c. the chaur.
d. kirtan.

28. The main Sikh scripture book is written in what dialect?
a. Gurmukhi
b. Persian
c. Arabic
d. Sanskrit

29. Baldev Singh is a Sikh man who organizes the daily services in a gurdwara, reads from the Sikh scripture book during the daily services, and takes care of the book at all times. He is also fluent in the Gurmukhi dialect, which makes him more suitable for these responsibilities. From this scenario, it can be inferred that Baldev is a:
a. granthi.
b. kusti.
c. guru.
d. sadhu.

30. In the context of Sikh rituals, the langar:
a. allows people to offer food to the one universal God.
b. creates clear distinctions between people of different castes.
c. enables wealthy Sikhs to display their prosperity.
d. helps to build social and spiritual solidarity in the gurdwara.

31. Which of the following statements is true of a langar meal?
a. It serves vegetarian and non-vegetarian dishes to cater to all Sikhs.
b. It serves good food with a variety of delicacies.
c. It serves meals that are simple and low cost.
d. It is restricted to the Khalsa members and the granthis.

32. What is a second personal name given to all Sikh females?
a. Sharma
b. Gaur
c. Kaur
d. Singh

33. Diwali is important for the Sikhs because:
a. it celebrates the birthday of the god Rama.
b. it marks the release of Guru Hargobind from imprisonment by the Mughal emperor.
c. it marks the day of completion of the Harmandir Sahib.
d. it celebrates the sacrifice of Guru Arjan for the freedom of Sikhs.

34. What is a Sikh festival established by Gobind Singh as an alternative to the Hindu festival of Holi?
a. Hola Mahalla
b. Holika Dahan
c. Baisakhi
d. Dassera

35. The act of opening the Guru Granth at random in order to pick the first letter of a newborn baby’s name is called:
a. parshad.
b. the chaur.
c. vak lao.
d. the Khalsa.

36. After the posting of several Sikh soldiers in the British army to stations in Malaya and Hong Kong in the late 1800s, many Sikhs migrated to China and Fiji because:
a. they discovered that their skills in commerce and trade were widely valued in Asia.
b. they needed a new export market for their Indian handcrafted goods.
c. they wanted to spread Sikhism and make it a world religion.
d. they sought a new occupation due to the loss of their farmlands during the partition of India.

37. A permanent feature of Sikh life of the first generation of Sikh immigrants to the United States was:
a. attracting American converts to the Sikh faith.
b. being identified as Muslim terrorists by ignorant Americans.
c. being mistreated by other Americans.
d. being compared to the Afghan Taliban by Americans.

38. Which of the following statements is true of the California “Alien Land Act” of 1913?
a. It prohibited the movement of the families of noncitizens to America.
b. It prohibited noncitizens from owning property.
c. It prohibited the establishment of any religious institutions of noncitizens on American land.
d. It prohibited noncitizens from gaining American citizenship.

39. The objective of the Ghadar Movement was to:
a. raise funds for the establishment of a gurdwara in California.
b. protest against the increasing mistreatment of noncitizens by Americans.
c. raise money for resistance to British colonial rule in India.
d. protest against the tag of “Muslim terrorists” given to Asian noncitizens by Americans.

40. The second wave of Sikh immigrants to the United States differed from the first wave in that the second wave of immigrants:
a. settled directly in the countryside instead of the suburbs.
b. relaxed Sikh traditions and deemphasized the langar meal.
c. were more traditionally Sikh than the first-wave Sikhs, who were already quite assimilated to American life.
d. married non-Sikhs and converted to other faiths to become accepted in America.

41.  The third wave of Sikh immigrants to the United States differed from the second wave of Sikh immigrants in that the third wave of immigrants:
a. brought an urgent sense of Sikh identity.
b. were less politicized than the second wave.
c. reemphasized the langar meal.
d. were prohibited from owning property.

42. Sikhs are called “Muslim terrorists” by many Americans because:
a. the Sikhs are trying to convert all Christians by attracting them to the lifestyle of Sikhism.
b. the dress code of Khalsa members is similar to the dress code of Taliban men.
c. the Sikhs are protesting against rising intolerance by launching several attacks to kill all non-Sikhs.
d. the kirpan carried by Khalsa members is considered a weapon of violence in America.

It seems that many of these questions are pulled from the following text: RELG: World, by Robert E. Van Voorst


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